Section 2 BBP Refresher

Modes of Transmission

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To be exposed to a bloodborne pathogen such as Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C and HIV, infected blood must get into your bloodstream.  

How am I exposed at work?

  SchoolCenter PictureDirect Exposure - pathogen enters your bloodstream
    through an open 
cut, abrasion, sore, acne, damaged or
    broken skin as blisters or sunburn,
mucous membranes of
    the eyes, nose, or mouth.


    Indirect Exposuretouch contaminated object or surface
    and transfer 
the infection to your mouth, eyes, nose, or
    broken skin.

   Accidental injury - accidentally injure yourself with a
    contaminated sharp 
object such as broken glass,
    scissors, or needle.

Remember the virus must enter your bloodstream for you to get


Feces, urine, vomit, secretions, sputum, sweat, tears and saliva are not considered infectious unless they contain visible blood.  

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